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European School Education Platform
EU publication

The twin challenge of equity and excellence in basic skills in the EU

This report assesses the results of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2022 from an EU perspective.
Report cover image (by European Commission)
European Commission

The PISA 2022 results show that the share of students who are not able to reach a minimum competence benchmark has largely increased in mathematics and reading and more moderately in science in most countries. Furthermore, socioeconomic background continues to be a strong predictor of student performance, while COVID-19 has likely played a role in the performance drop observed between 2018 and 2022.

The current situation challenges both the equity and the excellence dimension of the EU education systems and may affect future EU competitiveness.


Additional information

  • Education type:
    School Education
  • Evidence:
  • Funding source:
    European Commission
  • Intervention level:
  • Intervention intensity:
  • Published by:
    European Commission
  • Target audience:
    Head Teacher / Principal
    Pedagogical Adviser
    Teacher Educator
    Government staff / policy maker
  • Target audience ISCED:
    Upper secondary education (ISCED 3)
  • Year of publication: